Permanent Forum: Origin and Development
The Permanent Forum was established by the UN in response to demands from indigenous peoples for a high level permanent body at the United Nations.
The Permanent Forum is an advisory body to the Economic and Social Council with a mandate to discuss indigenous issues related to economic and social development, culture, the environment, education, health and human rights.
According to its mandate, the Permanent Forum will:
provide expert advice and recommendations on indigenous issues to the Council, as well as to programmes, funds and agencies of the United Nations, through the Council
raise awareness and promote the integration and coordination of activities related to indigenous issues within the UN system
prepare and disseminate information on indigenous issues
The Permanent Forum holds annual two-week sessions. The first meeting of the Permanent Forum was held in May 2002, and yearly sessions take place in New York.
The Permanent Forum is one of three UN bodies that is mandated to deal specifically with indigenous peoples' issues. The others are the Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and the Special Rapporteur Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
Members of the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues for the term 2014-2016
Alvaro Esteban Pop Ac
Dalee Sambo Dorough
Joseph Goko Mutangah
Maria Eugenia Choque Quispe
Mariam Wallet Aboubakrine
Mohammad Hassani Nejad Pirkouhi
Raja Devasish Roy
The Permanent Forum is comprised of sixteen independent experts, functioning in their personal capacity, who serve for a term of three years as Members and may be re-elected or re-appointed for one additional term.
Eight of the Members are nominated by governments and eight are nominated directly by indigenous organizations in their regions.
The Members nominated by governments are elected by ECOSOC based on the five regional groupings of States normally used at the United Nations (Africa; Asia; Eastern Europe; Latin America and the Caribbean; and Western Europe and Other States).
The Members nominated by indigenous organizations are appointed by the President of ECOSOC and represent the seven socio-cultural regions determined to give broad representation to the world’s indigenous peoples.
The regions are Africa; Asia; Central and South America and the Caribbean; the Arctic; Central and Eastern Europe, Russian Federation, Central Asia and Transcaucasia; North America; and the Pacific—with one additional rotating seat among the three first listed above. The rotating seat is taken by Central and South America and the Caribbean during the 2011-2013 term.